January 2019 - Techindia

Month: January 2019

All you need to know about Insomnia

Insomnia comes from the Latin words “in” and “somnus” which translate to “no sleep”. It is a sleeping disorder defined by poor quality or quantity of sleep. A Reduced ability to perform daytime activities is one of the defining symptoms of insomnia and with as many as 30 to 35 percent adults complaining of insomnia, it is becoming an increasingly common sleep disorder. Treatment involves medical and non-medical therapies. It affects people of all ages, including children, but is mostly prevalent in adults and the elderly.

Types of Insomnia

• Temporary insomnia
• Persistent insomnia

Temporary Insomnia:

Most cases of insomnia are caused due to temporary or stress related issues, including:
• Jet lag
• Physical discomfort
• Working in different shifts (working late or early shifts can disrupt your circadian rhythm, the body’s internal clock)
• Stressful life situations
• Recreational drug use
• Cigarette Smoking
• Caffeine intake prior to your bedtime
• Alcohol intoxication or withdrawal
• Eating too much food late in the evening

Persistent Insomnia:

Chronic medical or psychiatric conditions are often the underlying causes of persistent insomnia, and poor sleep habits are also known to significantly contribute to this disorder. An irregular sleep schedule, using the bedroom for other purposes, eating or exercising right before your bedtime, sleeping in a brightly light or noisy room and working in bed are all known to disrupt sleep, including:
• Breathing problems (e.g. asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
• Congestive heart failure
• Obesity
• Acid reflux
• Hyperthyroidism
• Urinary problems (e.g. urinary incontinence)
• Parkinson’s disease
• Dementia

Psychiatric conditions associated with insomnia, include:
• Depression
• Psychosis
• Mania
• Anxiety
• Post-traumatic stress disorder

Sleep related disorders than can cause insomnia, include:
• Sleep apnea
• Sleep walking
• Restless leg syndrome
• Circadian sleep disturbance

Symptoms:
Insomnia typically results in waking up feeling fatigued and lacking energy. It affects the ability to perform daily activities and it is the most obvious symptom of insomnia. Other symptoms include:
• Difficulty in falling asleep
• Waking up suddenly in night or early in the morning
• Not feeling well rested after a night’s sleep
• Daytime fatigue, sleepiness or tension headaches
• Poor attention and concentration
• Increasing errors and mistakes

Treatment for Insomnia
Improvements in lifestyle with regular exercise, good diet and sleep hygiene are essential to sleeping better.
Overcoming any habits negatively affecting your sleep is a must for a goodnight’s sleep.